Unless your dying aunt has willed you the vintage six-string that’s been gathering dust and accruing value in her attic all these years, your first question must be: How much do I want to spend?
While there are respectable guitars to be had in any price range, the fact is that you do get what you pay for. And if a wily salesman convinces you that he’s got “just what you’re looking for, and it’s only a tad more expensive,” you need to be able to make an informed decision.
If you’re a beginner or just want something to bang around on in your bedroom or at the beach, you’ll still probably want to spend at least $300 for a guitar. Anything less will almost certainly get you something that not only will be very difficult to play but will sound lousy, besides.
Say you’ve got a spending ceiling of around $700. Guitars at this price range should have a solid spruce stop. Raise that to $1,200 and you’re talking about a solid-wood instrument. The word 'laminate' should not appear in descriptions of guitars that cost close to or above four figures.
Guitars in the range of $1,200 and $2,500 must get you nothing less
than a pro-level instrument that you will love and never outgrow.
Anything above that, and you’re in highly specialized and hand-crafted
territory—a danger zone because if you buy a lemon for this kind of
money nothing will ever blunt that sour feeling in your stomach.
If you are particularly budget conscious, here are a couple of friendly suggestions. Don’t put your cash into expensive accessories - say, handtooled leather straps, or even more practical items like a high-end tuner.
Instead, put all that money into the best guitar you can get. Remember that nobody in his right mind pays list price these days; discounts of 10 to 30 (and often 40) percent are standard. Large music stores are no different from cut-rate clothing establishments and audio shops - they’ll use any holiday or other excuse to have a 'Blowout Sales Event of the Century' that in truth won’t offer you much of a real savings.
There is no such thing as right or wrong when it comes to choosing a guitar. Bigger does not always mean better, and the popularity of a particular guitar does not necessarily mean that it’s for you. Acoustics come in all shapes and sizes, and (this should be your mantra) what someone else finds appealing may not be right for you.
The traditional workhorse of acoustic guitars is the dreadnought, of which the Martin D-28 is the standard bearer. Powerful, versatile and extremely cool-looking, this model has graced countless recordings and is the classic rock acoustic guitar. The D-28’s success over the years has spawned countless imitations, good and bad.
Pick one out, give it a few good strums and then go on to something with a different look, feel and sound - a small guitar, like a Grand Concert size Taylor, a jumbo Gibson or an Ovation Adamas. Even if you can’t afford any of these instruments, playing them will give you at least an idea of the kind of guitar you’re most comfortable with.
Obviously, whatever guitar you ultimately choose must be comfortable
to play. If the action is too high - the strings are too far from the
fretboard - your fingers will pay a price, and it may be an indication
that the neck is bowed. Look for low, even action up and down the
fretboard, with the strings slightly higher at the 12th fret.
Check for fret buzz by playing chords and single notes at different spots on the neck. Some pro players like their action higher for a clearer, punchier sound, but if you are a beginner or an electric player buying your first acoustic, you will probably find light strings and a low action to be more suited to your needs.
You may have heard players discuss how good or bad the “intonation”
is on a particular guitar. This refers to how well a guitar is in tune
up and down the neck. The easiest way to check this is to play an open D
chord and then play the same D chord at the 14th fret. If the guitar
sounds out of tune up there you know it’s got a problem.
Although tuning and other problems like fret buzz can often be alleviated with simple neck adjustments, they sometimes require more involved bridge work. The odds are that this is something you don’t want to get into when buying a brand new guitar. On the other hand, if you’ve really fallen in love with a particular instrument that needs a little work, have the dealer take care of the necessary repairs and then try the guitar again before finalizing your purchase.